A Guide for Developing and Enhancing Community Oral Health Programs  
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Step 4. Implement the Program

B. Create an Implementation Plan

The next step is to identify key activities for each component, who is responsible for implementing each activity, what resources are needed, and a due date for completing the activity. This step is illustrated in the following table.

Example: Program Component Implementation Plan
Program Component Key Activities Who Is Responsible? Resources Needed Due Dates
Oral health awareness Determine target audiences Local health department Community demographics January 15th
      Research oral health attitudes and behaviors of target audience University sociology department Faculty and students February 28th
Design and test awareness messages with target audience Local interactive communications firm Contributed time March 30th
Determine venues and vehicles for transmission of messages Community action agency Resource assessment data March 30th
Implement message delivery Local health department, Head Start programs, child care centers Funds from local foundation April – June
Evaluate effectiveness of message delivery and impact on target audience Local health department, local school of public health Health department staff, faculty, and students July– September

Keeping new program efforts small scale can allow for working out problems and making changes early on without using resources unnecessarily.

Again, working with a broadly representative group of stakeholders on implementation is a sound strategy. They can bring important resources to the project that include tangibles such as space, staff, and funds and also essential intangibles such as influence, good will, and community connections.

In the implementation phase, the components all come to together. The needs- and resources-assessment process drives the planning process, which consists of the development of goals and objectives and the mobilization of resources, and in turn determines the focus and structure of program design.

The next section of the Guide turns to another crucial step in the process—evaluation.

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Table of Contents Appendices AACDP References Home Appendices References Conclusion Step 6 Step 5 Step 4 Step 3 Step 2 Executive Summary Overview Step 1 Acknowledgements