A Guide for Developing and Enhancing Community Oral Health Programs  
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Step 3. Determine Priorities and Plan the Program
 

C. Design the Program

Designing an oral health program involves several steps. While working through these steps, it is important to consider resources including funding sources, existing programs, policies, facility location, internal and external partners, equipment, and the work force.

1. Identify Desired Outcomes

Once priorities have been established, the next step is to consider how they will be addressed. It may be useful to determine the terms to be used and then to ensure that everyone shares a common understanding of the meaning of these terms. The following table identifies some commonly used planning terms.

Choose a Common Planning Language
Column A Column B Column C
A condition of well-being for children, families, or communities A measure for which data are available, which quantifies the achievement A measure of effectiveness of agency or program service delivery
Result
Outcome
Goal
Impact
Objective
Indicator
Benchmark
Milestone
Objective
Performance measure
Implementation measure
Impact measure
Program measure

Regardless of which terms are used, it is essential to work through and obtain agreement on desired goals with regard to the goal’s priority, the outcomes that must be achieved to meet the goal, what interventions or activities are needed to achieve outcomes, and how to measure the effectiveness of activities and evaluate achievement of outcomes. Objectives or outcomes must be specific, measurable, attainable, reasonable, and timely.

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Table of Contents Appendices AACDP References Home Appendices References Conclusion Step 6 Step 5 Step 4 Step 3 Step 2 Executive Summary Overview Step 1 Acknowledgements